Near the Citadel at the end of the Boulevard de la Liberté, the Jardin Vauban and the Daubenton and du Ramponneau squares are evidence of the vast plans for promenades and gardens that were associated with the extension of the town in the mid-19th century. Created in 1863 by the head gardener of Paris, Barillet Deschamps, the Jardin Vauban is a typical example of the English garden, characterised by a romantic imitation of nature. Its composition in a harmonious curve allows you a range of discoveries in 35,000 square metres of greenery. There are gently sloping lawns dotted with pools, a grotto with a waterfall, centuries-old trees, oaks, hornbeams, beeches in natural splendour and beds of flowers, all contributing to the garden’s varied charm. Each summer, 21 000 plants adorn the garden with mosaics of different flowers, begonias, geraniums and others in fascinating patterns. Various statues decorate the walks. Thus we can discover the statues of the poet Albert Samain, the musician Edouard Lalo and the Charles de Gaulle memorial. In the centre of the garden, Monsieur Rameau’s former goat house now shelters a marionette theatre which is much appreciated by children. In an extension of the garden is a collection of fruitbearing (apple, pear) trees which conserves old and regional varieties.